National Immunization Awareness Month

NIAW: Varicella and Hepatitis A

Varicella vaccine protects against chickenpox.

Children get two doses of the chickenpox vaccine for best protection. Children need one dose at each of the following ages: 12 through 15 months and 4 through 6 years.

  • Chickenpox spreads primarily by touching or breathing in the virus particles that come from chickenpox blisters and possibly from infected respiratory droplets.
    • Symptoms: rash, itching, tiredness, headache, high fever.
    • Complications: infected blisters, bleeding problems, encephalitis (brain swelling due to infection), pneumonia (infection in the lungs).
    • People can die from chickenpox.

 

Hepatitis A vaccine protects against hepatitis A.

Doctors recommend children get two doses of the hepatitis A shot for best protection. Children need the first dose at 12 through 23 months and the second dose 6 to 18 months after the first.

  • Hepatitis A is usually spread when a person ingests fecal matter from contact with objects, food, or drinks contaminated by feces or stool from an infected person.
    • Symptoms: Symptoms are more likely to occur in adults than in children, but not everyone has symptoms. If symptoms develop, there may be fever, vomiting, stomach pain, diarrhea, loss of appetite, joint pain, fatigue, jaundice (yellowing of skin or eyes), dark urine, or grey-colored stools.
    • Complications: liver failure and death, although rare and occurs more commonly in people older than 50 and people with other liver diseases.

NIAW: Hib, PCV13, IPV

Hib vaccine protects against Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib).

Doctors recommend children get three or four doses of the Hib vaccine for best protection. Children need one dose at each of the following ages: 2 months,

4 months, 6 months (for some brands), and 12 through 15 months.

  • Haemophilus influenzae type b is a bacterium that spreads through the air and direct contact with a person who has Hib.
    • Types of infection: The most common severe types of Hib disease are infections of the lungs (pneumonia), blood (bacteremia), and covering of the brain and spinal cord (meningitis).
    • Symptoms of pneumonia can include fever, cough, shortness of breath, or chills. Symptoms of bacteremia can include fever, chills, excessive tiredness, or pain in the belly. Symptoms of meningitis can include fever, headache, stiff neck, nausea, or vomiting.
    • Complications: brain damage, hearing loss, loss of limbs, death.

 

PCV13 vaccine protects against pneumococcal disease.

CDC recommends children get four doses of the pneumococcal vaccine for best protection. Children need one dose at each of the following ages: 2 months, 4 months, 6 months, and 12 through 15 months.

  • Pneumococcus is a bacterium spread through the air and direct contact with an infected person.
    • Types of infection: Pneumococcus bacteria can lead to infections of the lungs (pneumonia), lining of the brain and spinal cord (meningitis), blood (bacteremia), ears, and sinuses.
    • Symptoms of pneumonia can include fever, chills, difficulty breathing, or chest pain. Symptoms of meningitis can include fever, headache, stiff neck, or confusion. Symptoms of bacteremia can include fever, chills, or low alertness. Symptoms of middle ear infections can include ear pain, a red, swollen ear drum, fever, or sleepiness. Symptoms of sinus infections can include headache, stuffy or runny nose, or facial pain or pressure.
    • Complications: brain damage, hearing loss, loss of limbs, death.

 

IPV vaccine protects against polio.

Children should get four doses of inactivated polio vaccine (also called IPV) for best protection. Children need one dose at each of the following ages: 2 months, 4 months, 6 through 18 months, and 4 through 6 years.

  • Polio spreads through contact with the stool of an infected person and, though less common, through droplets from a sneeze or cough. If you get stool or droplets from an infected person on your hands and you touch your mouth, you can get infected. Also, if you put objects that have stool or droplets on them into your mouth, you can get infected.
    • Symptoms: Most people with poliovirus infection will not have visible symptoms. About 1 out of 4 people with poliovirus infection will have flu-like symptoms, such as sore throat, fever, tiredness, nausea, headache, and stomach pain. A smaller proportion of people with poliovirus infection will develop other more serious symptoms, such as paralysis which can lead to permanent disability and death.

The Public Health offices in Afton and Kemmerer carry all approved and recommended childhood vaccinations. We can these for reduced cost under the Wyoming Vaccinates Important People state immunization program. We can administer these shots for the reduced fee of $20 with no office visit charge. The vaccine cost itself is free. If you cannot pay the $20 per shot fee, that price can be reduced or even waived entirely if necessary. We do not turn away anyone due to inability to pay. We accept Wyoming Medicaid and most health insurances. The only insurance company that does not accept our claims is Tricare. Please call us at 885-9598 or 877-3780 to schedule an appointment for any shots your child might need.

–All information is from the CDC

NIAW: Hepatitis B, Rotavirus, Dtap

Hep B vaccine protects against hepatitis B.

Doctors recommend children get three doses of the hepatitis B shot for best protection. Typically, children need one dose at each of the following ages: birth, 1 through 2 months, and 6 through 18 months.

  • Hepatitis B is spread by contact with bodily fluids from an infected person; for example, hepatitis B can be passed from an infected mother to her baby at birth.
    • Symptoms: There may be no symptoms, or there may be fever, headache, weakness, vomiting, jaundice (yellowing of skin and eyes), or joint pain.
    • Complications: liver damage, liver failure, liver cancer.

 

RV vaccine protects against rotavirus.

Two brands of rotavirus vaccines are available to protect infants against rotavirus: Rotarix (given in two doses) and RotaTeq (given in three doses). Rotavirus vaccine is given by putting some drops in an infant’s mouth. Infants should get rotavirus vaccine starting at 2 months of age. For both vaccine brands, infants should get a second dose at 4 months. If getting RotaTeq, infants need a third dose at 6 months.

 

  • Rotavirus spreads easily among infants and young children.
    • The virus can be found in the stool (feces) of people who are infected with the virus. It can spread when a child puts something with rotavirus on it, such as their hand or a toy, in their mouth. Children can also get infected by consuming food and liquids that have been contaminated with rotavirus.
    • Symptoms: severe watery diarrhea, fever, and vomiting. This can lead to dehydration and require hospitalization.

 

DTaP vaccine protects against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis (whooping cough).

Doctors recommend children get five doses of the DTaP vaccine for best protection. Children need one dose at each of the following ages: 2 months, 4 months, 6 months, 15 through 18 months, and 4 through 6 years. If a child falls behind schedule on this vaccine series, he or she will receive the Tdap vaccine if he or she is older than 6 years old when completing the series. DTaP is not licensed for children over 6 years of age. Tdap provides protection against the same diseases as DTaP.

  • Diphtheria spreads through the air and direct contact with an infected person.
    • Symptoms: sore throat, fever, weakness, sore glands in neck.
    • Complications: swelling of the heart muscle, heart failure, coma, paralysis, death.
  • Tetanus spreads from exposure through cuts in the skin.
    • Symptoms: stiffness in jaw, neck and abdominal muscles, difficulty swallowing, muscle spasms, fever.
    • Complications: broken bones, breathing difficulty, death.
  • Whooping cough spreads through the air and direct contact with a person who has whooping cough.
    • Symptoms: severe cough, low-grade fever, runny nose, apnea (pause in breathing) in babies.
    • Complications: pneumonia (infection in the lungs), rib fractures, death.

The Public Health offices in Afton and Kemmerer carry all approved and recommended childhood vaccinations. We can these for reduced cost under the Wyoming Vaccinates Important People state immunization program. We can administer these shots for the reduced fee of $20 per shot with no office visit charge. The vaccine cost itself is free. If you cannot pay the $20 per shot fee, that price can be reduced or even waived entirely if necessary. We do not turn away anyone due to inability to pay. We accept Wyoming Medicaid and most health insurances. The only insurance company that does not accept our claims is Tricare. Please call us at 885-9598 or 877-3780 to schedule an appointment for any shots your child might need.

–All information on this page is taken from the CDC

NIAW: About Measles

About Measles

Measles is a serious respiratory disease caused by a virus.

  • Measles starts with a fever. Soon after, it causes a cough, runny nose, and red eyes. Then a rash of tiny, red spots breaks out.
  • The rash starts at the head and spreads to the rest of the body. The rash can last for a week.

 

Measles is highly contagious.

  • Measles spreads through the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes. It is so contagious that if one person has it, 9 out of 10 people around him or her will also become infected if they are not protected.
  • You can get measles just by being in a room where a person with measles has been, even up to two hours after that person has left.
  • An infected person can spread measles to others even before he or she develops symptoms – from four days before they develop the measles rash to four days afterward.

 

Measles can cause serious health complications, such as pneumonia and encephalitis, and death.

  • Some people are at high risk for severe illness and complications from measles, including children younger than 5 years of age, adults older than 20 years of age, pregnant women, and people with weakened immune systems.
  • Ear infections occur in about one out of every 10 children with measles and can result in permanent hearing loss.
  • As many as one out of every 20 children with measles gets pneumonia, the most common cause of death from measles in young children.
  • About one child out of every 1,000 who gets measles will develop encephalitis (swelling of the brain) that can lead to convulsions and can leave the child deaf or with intellectual disability.
  • For every 1,000 children who get measles, one or two will die of the disease.

 

Measles cases continue to be brought into the United States by people who get infected while in other countries.

  • Since 2000, when measles was declared eliminated from the U.S., the annual number of people reported to have measles ranged from a low of 37 people in 2004 to a high of 667 people in 2014.
  • The majority of measles cases brought into the United States are among U.S. residents, and when vaccination status is known, almost all are unvaccinated.
  • Anyone who is not protected against measles is at risk of getting the disease, especially when traveling abroad.

 

The best protection against measles is MMR vaccine.

  • MMR vaccine provides long-lasting protection against all strains of measles. Make sure you’re up to date on MMR and other vaccinations.
  • Children should receive two doses of MMR vaccine – the first dose at 12 through 15 months of age, and the second dose at 4 through 6 years of age. Giving the second dose of the vaccine earlier is allowed at any time as long as it is at least 28 days after the first dose.
  • Unless they have evidence of measles immunity, college and other students, health care personnel, and international travelers need two appropriately spaced doses. Other adults need one dose. Ask your health care provider if you have questions about whether you need MMR vaccine.
  • People who received two doses of MMR vaccine as children according to the U.S. vaccination schedule are considered protected for life.
  • For those who travel internationally, CDC recommends all U.S. residents older than 6 months be protected from measles and receive MMR vaccine, if needed, prior to departure.

 

The MMR vaccine has a long record of safety.

  • FDA and CDC continually monitor MMR vaccine
  • While MMR vaccines are safe, side effects can The most common side effects are mild (redness, swelling, tenderness from the shot). Serious side effects are extremely rare.

The Public Health offices in Afton and Kemmerer carry all approved and recommended childhood vaccinations. We can these for reduced cost under the Wyoming Vaccinates Important People state immunization program. We can administer these shots for the reduced fee of $20 with no office visit charge. The vaccine cost itself is free. If you cannot pay the $20 per shot fee, that price can be reduced or even waived entirely if necessary. We do not turn away anyone due to inability to pay. We accept Wyoming Medicaid and most health insurances. The only insurance company that does not accept our claims is Tricare. Please call us at 885-9598 or 877-3780 to schedule an appointment for any shots your child might need.

–All information is taken from the CDC 

NIAW: Week Two

Vaccines give parents the safe, proven power to protect their children from 14 serious diseases before they turn 2 years old.

  • Vaccinating your children according to the recommended schedule is one of the best ways you can protect them from 14 harmful and potentially deadly diseases like measles and whooping cough (pertussis) before their second birthday.
  • Children who don’t receive recommended vaccines are at risk of (1) getting the disease or illness and (2) having a severe case of the disease or illness. You can’t predict or know in advance if an unvaccinated child will get a vaccine-preventable disease, nor can you predict or know how severe the illness will be or become.
  • Vaccines don’t just protect your child. Immunization is a shared responsibility. Families, health care professionals and public health officials must work together to help protect the entire community – especially babies who are too young to be vaccinated themselves.

 

Most parents choose the safe, proven protection of vaccines and vaccinate their children according to the recommended immunization schedule.

  • Estimates from a CDC nationally representative childhood vaccine communications poll (August 2016 online poll) suggest that almost 9 out of 10 people vaccinate according to schedule or are intending to do so.

 

It’s easy to think of these as diseases of the past. Most young parents in the United States have never seen the devastating effects that diseases like measles or whooping cough can have on a family or community. But the truth is they still exist.

  • Many vaccine-preventable diseases are still common in many parts of the world. For example, measles is brought into the United States by unvaccinated travelers who are infected while in other countries. When measles gets into communities of unvaccinated people in the United States (such as people who refuse vaccines for religious, philosophical or personal reasons), outbreaks are more likely to occur.
    • The 2015 measles outbreak and the current measles outbreak in Minnesota are examples of how quickly infectious diseases can spread when they reach groups of people who aren’t vaccinated.
    • Since measles was declared eliminated in the United States in 2000, the annual number of people reported to have measles ranged from a low of 37 people in 2004 to a high of 667 people from 27 states in 2014. From January 1 to May 20 2017, 100 people from 11 states were reported to have measles.
  • Outbreaks of whooping cough have also occurred in the United States over the past few years. There are many factors contributing to the recent increase in whooping cough, but getting vaccinated is the best way to help prevent whooping cough and its complications.

 

Vaccines are recommended throughout our lives. Following the recommended schedule offers the best protection.

  • Vaccines offer the best protection against many devastating illnesses. Following the recommended immunization schedule is the best way to ensure your children are protected from deadly diseases.
  • Some vaccines require multiple doses to build enough immunity to prevent disease, boost immunity that has faded over time, ensure people who did not get immunity from a first dose are protected, or protect against diseases, like the flu, which can change from one season to the next.
  • Children do not receive any known benefits from following schedules that delay vaccines. We do know that delaying vaccines puts children at known risk of becoming ill with vaccine-preventable diseases. Infants and young children who follow immunization schedules that spread out shots – or leave out shots – are at risk of developing diseases during the time that shots are delayed.
  • If a young child falls behind the recommended schedule, parents and health care professionals should use the catch-up immunization schedule to quickly get the child up to date, reducing the amount of time the child is left vulnerable to vaccine-preventable diseases.

NIAW: College Kids Need Vaccines too

What immunizations does my college age child need for school?

Meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MenACWY) helps protect against bacterial meningitis and may be required for certain college students (requirements vary by state).

  • First-year college students living in residence halls are recommended to be vaccinated with meningococcal conjugate vaccine. If they received this vaccine before their 16th birthday, they should get a booster dose before going to college for maximum protection.
  • The risk for meningococcal disease among non-first-year college students is similar to that for the general population. However, MenACWY is safe and effective and therefore can be provided to non-first-year college students.

 

Tdap vaccine protects against tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis, or whooping cough.

  • A single dose of Tdap is routinely recommended for preteens and teens (preferably at age 11-12 years); however, adults 19 or older who did not receive Tdap as a preteen or teen should receive a single dose of Tdap.

 

HPV vaccination is recommended for teens and young adults who did not start or finish the HPV vaccine series at age 11 or 12 years.

  • Young women under age 27 and young men under age 22 should be vaccinated.
  • Young men between the ages of 22 and 27 may be vaccinated and should discuss this with their doctor or nurse. Young men between the ages of 22 and 27 who have compromised immune systems or have sex with other men should also be vaccinated.
  • Even if it has been many years since a first or second dose of HPV vaccine, young adults should still complete the HPV vaccination series. The HPV vaccine series does not need to be restarted if there is a long gap in between doses.

 

Seasonal flu vaccine protects against the three or four flu viruses that research indicates will be most common during the upcoming season.

  • The flu can cause severe illness that may require hospital care, even in healthy adults
  • In general, the flu vaccine works best among young healthy adults and older children.
  • Flu vaccination can reduce flu illnesses, doctors’ visits, and missed work and school due to flu, as well as prevent flu-related hospitalizations and deaths.

National Immunization Awareness: Back to School!

Vaccinating according to the recommended immunization schedule provides your child with safe and effective protection against preventable diseases.

  • Between the time your child is born and when they go off to college, they’ll get vaccines to protect against a number of serious diseases.
  • Some children at your child care center may be too young to get certain vaccines, and are therefore vulnerable to diseases.
    • By vaccinating your child according to the recommended schedule, you’ll be protecting their classmates as well.
    • You will also be helping to protect people in your community who cannot receive vaccines for medical reasons (e.g., people with weakened immune systems, such as some people with cancer and people who have received transplants).Vaccines are recommended for children of all ages.
      • The need for vaccination does not end in childhood. Vaccines are recommended throughout our lives based on age, lifestyle, occupation, travel locations, medical conditions, and previous vaccination history.
      • The protection from some childhood vaccines wear off with time, and children are more likely to get certain diseases like meningococcal disease and cancer-causing HPV infections as they get older. Staying up to date on recommended vaccines keeps your child protected against serious diseases.
      • Teens and young adults should also make sure they are up to date on all the vaccines recommended during childhood and adolescence. Additionally, states may require children who are entering college to be vaccinated against certain diseases.
      • You can send your kids off to college protected from serious diseases by making sure they’ve received all the vaccines recommended for them.

      Infectious diseases tend to spread wherever large groups of people gather together. Outbreaks of serogroup B meningococcal disease have been reported from college campuses during the last several years.Many vaccine-preventable diseases can easily spread in child care and school settings. Protecting your children from preventable diseases will help keep them healthy and in school.

      • Schools are prone to outbreaks of infectious diseases, and school-age children can further spread disease to their families and others with whom they come in contact.
      • When a child comes down with an illness such as whooping cough, chickenpox or the flu, he or she may miss at least several days of school while recovering – and somebody will need to stay home to provide care and make trips to the doctor.
        • Children can spread diseases to newborns too young to have received all doses of recommended vaccines, or to people with weakened immune systems, such as some people with cancer and transplant recipients who are also at higher risk of disease.
      • Most people in the United States are protected against measles through vaccination, so measles cases in the U.S. are uncommon compared to the number of cases that occurred before a vaccine was available.
        • However, measles is brought into the United States every year by unvaccinated travelers who get measles while they are in other countries. Most measles cases imported into the U.S. come from U.S. residents. They can spread measles to other people who are not protected against measles, which sometimes leads to outbreaks. This can occur in communities with unvaccinated people.
        • Since measles was declared eliminated in the United States in 2000, the annual number of people reported to have measles ranged from a low of 37 people in 2004 to a high of 667 people in 2014. In 2016, there were 70 provisionally reported cases.

–All information taken from the CDC

August is National Immunization Awareness Month

fbtimeline_PreteensTeens

Are your pre-teens and teens up to date on their immunizations? We might forget that after children receive their kindergarten shots that are required for school registration that booster shots are still necessary. Parents can do a number of things to ensure a healthy future for their child. One of the most important actions parents can take is to make sure their children are up to date on their vaccines. Following the recommended immunization schedule provides the best protection from serious, and sometimes deadly, diseases.

Preteens and teens need Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis) vaccine, quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine, and HPV (human papilloma virus) vaccine to protect against serious diseases. A yearly flu vaccine is also recommended for all children 6 months and older. Preteens and teens need vaccines because they are at greater risk for certain diseases like meningitis, septicemia (blood infection), and the cancers caused by HPV infection. By making sure vaccines are up to date, parents can send their preteens and teens to middle school and high school – and also off to college – with protection from vaccine-preventable diseases. Being vaccinated not only helps protect adolescents from getting certain diseases like the flu and whooping cough (pertussis), it also helps stop the spread of these diseases to others in their family, classroom and community. This is especially important to help protect babies too young to be fully vaccinated, people age 65 and older, and people with weakened immune systems due to cancer, heart disease or other health conditions.

Check out our Immunization Schedules page for an easy to read, updated vaccination schedule for pre-teens and teens.

Vaccine Information

HPV is cancer prevention.

  • HPV is short for human papillomavirus. HPV is a life-saving vaccine that protects against cervical and anal cancers and other diseases caused by HPV. Preteens and teens need the HPV vaccine now to prevent HPV cancers later.
  • About 79 million people in the U. S., most in their teens and early 20s, are infected with HPV.
  • HPV vaccine is recommended by CDC and major medical groups, including the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP), and) and other medical societies, for 11 or 12 year olds, for protection from HPV infection and HPV-related disease. For teens who have not started the series at 11 or 12 years, it’s not too late and can still be beneficial to get the vaccine as soon as possible.
  • HPV vaccine works best when it is given to boys and girls at age 11 or 12 years. Also preteens need to complete the HPV vaccines series prior to any exposure to HPV. That’s why HPV vaccination is recommended for preteen girls and boys at age 11 or 12 years—the idea is true prevention.
  • Either HPV vaccine (Cervarix® or Gardasil®) can be given to girls or young women. Only one HPV vaccine (Gardasil®) can be given to boys and young men.
  • The HPV vaccine has a very good safety record. More than 67 million doses have been distributed, and vaccine safety studies continue to show that HPV vaccines are safe.
  • Take advantage of any visit to the doctor – checkups, sick visits, even physicals for sports or college – to ask the doctor about what shots your preteens and teens need.
  • For more information about HPV and HPV vaccine: www.cdc.gov/hpv

Influenza: Get the flu vaccine every year.  

  • The single best way to prevent the flu is to get the flu vaccine, which protects against different strains of seasonal influenza.
  • Everyone 6 months and older – including preteens and teens – should get a flu vaccine every year, both to protect themselves and to help keep illness from spreading.
  • Children under the age of 9 may require more than one dose. Talk to your child’s health care professional to find out if they need more than one dose.
  • Flu vaccine protects against flu and the other health problems flu can cause, like dehydration (loss of body fluids), which can make asthma or diabetes worse, or even pneumonia.
  • Children should get the flu vaccine every year as soon as it’s available, usually in the fall. It is very important for children with chronic health conditions like asthma or diabetes to get the flu shot, but the flu can be serious for even healthy children.
  • Flu seasons are unpredictable and can be severe. Annual flu vaccination should begin by September or as soon as vaccine is available, and continue throughout the flu season. Flu season can begin as early as October and last as late as May. Seasonal flu activity usually peaks in January, February or later.
  • It takes about two weeks after vaccination for antibodies to develop for protection against influenza virus infection. Flu vaccines will not protect against flu-like illnesses caused by non-influenza viruses.
  • Complications of flu can include bacterial pneumonia, ear infections, sinus infections, dehydration and worsening of chronic medical conditions, such as congestive heart failure, asthma or diabetes.
  • A 2013 study by CDC flu experts estimated that cumulatively over six flu seasons, from 2005 to 2011, flu vaccination averted approximately 13.6 million illnesses, 5.8 million medical visits, and approximately 112,900 flu-related hospitalizations in the U. S.

For more information: www.cdc.gov/vaccines/who/teens/vaccines/flu.html

Tdap: Help keep whooping cough from spreading.

  • Tdap vaccine is a booster recommended at age 11 or 12 to protect against three serious diseases: tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (also called whooping cough). It is also recommended for any teens (13 to 18 years old) who haven’t had this shot yet.
  • The Tdap vaccine takes the place of what used to be called the tetanus booster.
  • If your child has not received any or all of the DTaP vaccine series, or if you don’t know if your child has received these shots, your child needs a single dose of Tdap when they are 7 to 10 years old. Talk to your health care professional to find out if they need additional catch-up vaccines.
  • Tdap vaccine is especially important for older children and adults who will have close contact with newborn babies or infants younger than 1 year.
  • Tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis are all caused by bacteria.
    • Both diphtheria and pertussis are spread from person to person.
    • Tetanus enters the body through cuts, scratches or wounds.
  • Data show that more than 48,000 cases of pertussis occurred in 2012, a nearly 60-year high. While overall reporting of pertussis declined during 2013, 13 states and Washington, D.C. reported an increase in pertussis cases compared with the same time during 2012.
  • CDC’s current estimate is that Tdap vaccination protects about 65 out of 100 adolescents who receive it.
  • Tdap is an effective vaccine, but it does not protect as well as we would like and may only protect against whooping cough for a few years.

Meningococcal Conjugate Vaccine: Protection against meningococcal disease.

  • The meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MenACWY) is recommended for all preteens at age 11 or 12 for protection against some of the bacteria that cause meningococcal disease. The two most severe and common illnesses caused by meningococcal disease are meningitis (an infection of the fluid and lining around the brain and spinal cord) and septicemia (a bloodstream infection).
  • Meningitis can be very serious, even fatal.
  • A second shot is recommended for teens at age 16 to continue providing protection when their risk for meningococcal disease is highest.
  • Teens who didn’t receive meningococcal conjugate vaccine for the first time until age 13 through 15 years will also need a second dose at 16.
  • Older teens who haven’t received any meningococcal conjugate vaccine shots should get one as soon as possible.
  • If your teenager missed getting the vaccine altogether, ask his or her health care professional about getting it now, especially if your teenager is about to move into a college dorm or military barracks.

For more information about the meningococcal conjugate vaccine: www.cdc.gov/vaccines/who/teens/vaccines/mcv.html


So inform yourself during this back to school season and make the best choice for your children’s health. Lincoln County Public Health carries all recommended and required vaccines for school children. Give us a call at 885-9598 (Afton) or 877-3780 (Kemmerer) to ask questions or make an appointment for your child.


 

All the information and infographics in this blog post are courtesy of the National Public Health Information Coalition and by the Center for Disease Control.

NIAM: Back to School!

BackToSchool

Now that a new school year is upon us, it’s time to start thinking beyond the school clothes and supplies shopping and check your child’s immunization records to make sure they’re up to date on their shots. The Lincoln County School District has an immunization policy that is important to follow in order to make sure your child has all the protection they need against vaccine preventable diseases that become so much easier to be exposed to when kids get together in enclosed spaces (such as classrooms and lunchrooms) for long periods of time.

When children are not vaccinated, they are at increased risk for disease and can spread disease to others in their classroom and community – including babies who are too young to be fully vaccinated, and people with weakened immune systems due to cancer and other health conditions. Schools are highly susceptible to outbreaks of infectious diseases because students can easily transmit illnesses to one another as a result of poor hand washing, uncovered coughs and dense populations.

Children age 4 to 6 are due for boosters of four vaccines: DTaP (diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis), chickenpox, MMR (measles, mumps, rubella) and polio. Starting at 11 or 12 –preteens and teens – need Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis), MenACWY (meningococcal conjugate vaccine) and HPV (human papilloma virus) vaccines. A yearly flu vaccine is recommended for all children 6 months and older.

Some key things to consider during this back to school season: 

  • Immunizations create a shield of protection at school and at home.Given recent outbreaks, it’s important that children be protected from dangerous and highly contagious diseases like pertussis (also called whooping cough) and measles.
  • Vaccines don’t just protect your child. Some diseases, like whooping cough, can be deadly for newborns or infants. You can help protect our littlest community members from being exposed to vaccine-preventable diseases by making sure your child is up to date.
  • Many parents have never witnessed the damaging effects of a vaccine-preventable disease. As a result, they are not aware of the continued importance of getting all children vaccinated.
  • Diseases like measles are only a plane ride away. Measles epidemics are occurring in the Philippines with nearly 32,000 cases as of April 20, 2014.
  • Vaccines are among the safest and most cost-effective ways to prevent disease. Protecting your children from preventable diseases will help keep them healthy and in school.
  • When a child comes down with a disease such as whooping cough, chickenpox or the flu, he or she may miss a lot of school while recovering. Somebody will need to stay home to provide care and make trips to the doctor.
  • Schools are a prime venue for transmitting vaccine-preventable diseases, and school-age children can further spread disease to their families and others with whom they come in contact.
  • As you get ready to send your children back to school, educate yourself. Learn about the benefits and possible side effects of vaccinations.
  • If you haven’t already, check your child’s immunization record and schedule a visit to their physician or clinic. Doing so now will avoid a potential last minute rush and will help make sure there are no surprises on the first day back to school.
  • The Lincoln County School District requires children to be up to date on vaccinations before enrolling or starting school in order to protect the health of all students.
  • If you are unsure of your state’s school immunization requirements, check with your child’s doctor, school or give Public Health a call.
  • Take advantage of any visit to the doctor – checkups, sick visits, even physicals for sports or college – to ask the doctor about what vaccinations your child needs.

Kindergarten does not mark the end of our immunization needs. Your preteens and teens need them, too. The following are very important vaccines that are available to this age group: 

Click parent-version-schedule-7-18yrs for an easy to read schedule of immunizations for preteens/teens.

HPV is cancer prevention.

  • HPV is short for human papillomavirus. HPV is a life-saving vaccine that protects against cervical and anal cancers and other diseases caused by HPV. Preteens and teens need the HPV vaccine now to prevent HPV cancers later.
  • About 79 million people in the U. S., most in their teens and early 20s, are infected with HPV.
  • HPV vaccine is recommended by CDC and major medical groups, including the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP), and) and other medical societies, for 11 or 12 year olds, for protection from HPV infection and HPV-related disease. For teens who have not started the series at 11 or 12 years, it’s not too late and can still be beneficial to get the vaccine as soon as possible.
  • HPV vaccine works best when it is given to boys and girls at age 11 or 12 years. Also preteens need to complete the HPV vaccines series prior to any exposure to HPV. That’s why HPV vaccination is recommended for preteen girls and boys at age 11 or 12 years—the idea is true prevention.
  • Either HPV vaccine (Cervarix® or Gardasil®) can be given to girls or young women. Only one HPV vaccine (Gardasil®) can be given to boys and young men.
  • The HPV vaccine has a very good safety record. More than 67 million doses have been distributed, and vaccine safety studies continue to show that HPV vaccines are safe.
  • Take advantage of any visit to the doctor – checkups, sick visits, even physicals for sports or college – to ask the doctor about what shots your preteens and teens need.
  • For more information about HPV and HPV vaccine: www.cdc.gov/hpv

Influenza: Get the flu vaccine every year.  

  • The single best way to prevent the flu is to get the flu vaccine, which protects against different strains of seasonal influenza.
  • Everyone 6 months and older – including preteens and teens – should get a flu vaccine every year, both to protect themselves and to help keep illness from spreading.
  • Children under the age of 9 may require more than one dose. Talk to your child’s health care professional to find out if they need more than one dose.
  • Flu vaccine protects against flu and the other health problems flu can cause, like dehydration (loss of body fluids), which can make asthma or diabetes worse, or even pneumonia.
  • Children should get the flu vaccine every year as soon as it’s available, usually in the fall. It is very important for children with chronic health conditions like asthma or diabetes to get the flu shot, but the flu can be serious for even healthy children.
  • Flu seasons are unpredictable and can be severe. Annual flu vaccination should begin by September or as soon as vaccine is available, and continue throughout the flu season. Flu season can begin as early as October and last as late as May. Seasonal flu activity usually peaks in January, February or later.
  • It takes about two weeks after vaccination for antibodies to develop for protection against influenza virus infection. Flu vaccines will not protect against flu-like illnesses caused by non-influenza viruses.
  • Complications of flu can include bacterial pneumonia, ear infections, sinus infections, dehydration and worsening of chronic medical conditions, such as congestive heart failure, asthma or diabetes.
  • A 2013 study by CDC flu experts estimated that cumulatively over six flu seasons, from 2005 to 2011, flu vaccination averted approximately 13.6 million illnesses, 5.8 million medical visits, and approximately 112,900 flu-related hospitalizations in the U. S.

For more information: www.cdc.gov/vaccines/who/teens/vaccines/flu.html

Tdap: Help keep whooping cough from spreading.

  • Tdap vaccine is a booster recommended at age 11 or 12 to protect against three serious diseases: tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (also called whooping cough). It is also recommended for any teens (13 to 18 years old) who haven’t had this shot yet.
  • The Tdap vaccine takes the place of what used to be called the tetanus booster.
  • If your child has not received any or all of the DTaP vaccine series, or if you don’t know if your child has received these shots, your child needs a single dose of Tdap when they are 7 to 10 years old. Talk to your health care professional to find out if they need additional catch-up vaccines.
  • Tdap vaccine is especially important for older children and adults who will have close contact with newborn babies or infants younger than 1 year.
  • Tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis are all caused by bacteria.
    • Both diphtheria and pertussis are spread from person to person.
    • Tetanus enters the body through cuts, scratches or wounds.
  • Data show that more than 48,000 cases of pertussis occurred in 2012, a nearly 60-year high. While overall reporting of pertussis declined during 2013, 13 states and Washington, D.C. reported an increase in pertussis cases compared with the same time during 2012.
  • CDC’s current estimate is that Tdap vaccination protects about 65 out of 100 adolescents who receive it.
  • Tdap is an effective vaccine, but it does not protect as well as we would like and may only protect against whooping cough for a few years.

Meningococcal Conjugate Vaccine: Protection against meningococcal disease.

  • The meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MenACWY) is recommended for all preteens at age 11 or 12 for protection against some of the bacteria that cause meningococcal disease. The two most severe and common illnesses caused by meningococcal disease are meningitis (an infection of the fluid and lining around the brain and spinal cord) and septicemia (a bloodstream infection).
  • Meningitis can be very serious, even fatal.
  • A second shot is recommended for teens at age 16 to continue providing protection when their risk for meningococcal disease is highest.
  • Teens who didn’t receive meningococcal conjugate vaccine for the first time until age 13 through 15 years will also need a second dose at 16.
  • Older teens who haven’t received any meningococcal conjugate vaccine shots should get one as soon as possible.
  • If your teenager missed getting the vaccine altogether, ask his or her health care professional about getting it now, especially if your teenager is about to move into a college dorm or military barracks.

For more information about the meningococcal conjugate vaccine:  www.cdc.gov/vaccines/who/teens/vaccines/mcv.html


So inform yourself during this back to school season and make the best choice for your children’s health. Lincoln County Public Health carries all recommended and required vaccines for school children. Give us a call at 885-9598 to ask questions or make an appointment for your child.


 

All the information and infographics in this blog post are courtesy of the National Public Health Information Coalition and by the Center for Disease Control.

National Immunization Awareness Month

August in National Immunization Awareness Month and Public Health has all the information you need to inform yourself about vaccine preventable diseases and the benefits of vaccinating yourselves and your families. Join us this month as we share this information with you.

AHealthyStart

Vaccines give parents the power to protect their babies from 14 serious diseases before they turn 2.

 

  • Vaccinating your children according to the recommended schedule is one of the best ways you can protect them from 14 harmful and potentially deadly diseases before their second birthday.
  • Children who don’t receive recommended vaccines are at risk of 1) getting the disease or illness, and 2) having a severe case of the disease or illness. You can’t predict or know in advance if an unvaccinated child will get a vaccine-preventable disease, nor can you predict or know how severe the illness will be or become.
  • Vaccines don’t just protect your child. Immunization is a shared responsibility. Families, health care professionals and public health officials must work together to help protect the entire community – especially babies who are too young to be vaccinated themselves.
  • Most parents are vaccinating their children. Estimates from a CDC nationally representative childhood vaccine communications poll (April 2012 online poll) suggest that most people are vaccinating according to schedule. In fact, 88 percent of parents reported that they are vaccinating according to schedule or are intending to do so.
  • Most young parents in the U.S. have never seen the devastating effects that diseases like polio, measles or whooping cough (pertussis) can have on a family or community. It’s easy to think of these as diseases of the past. But the truth is they still exist.
  • Many vaccine preventable diseases are only a plane ride away. For example, measles is not very common in the U.S. because most people are protected through vaccination, but it is still common in many parts of the world. The disease is brought into the United States by unvaccinated travelers who are infected while abroad. Once reaching this country, measles spreads quickly in unvaccinated populations. This year, the United States is experiencing a record number of reported measles cases. Many of these cases are associated with measles importations from other countries, including the Philippines, where an outbreak began in October 2013. Most of the reported measles cases occurred in people who were not vaccinated or whose vaccination status was unknown.
  • Large outbreaks of whooping cough (pertussis) have also occurred in parts of the U.S. over the past few years. Reported cases of whooping cough vary from year to year and tend to peak every 3-5 years, but not every state peaks at the same time. This pattern is not completely understood, but that’s why it’s important that everyone get vaccinated. If it weren’t for vaccines, we’d see many more cases of whooping cough.

 

Vaccines are recommended throughout our lives.

Following the recommended schedule offers the best protection.

 

  • Following the recommended schedule protects as many children as possible, before they are exposed to potentially life-threatening diseases.
  • Depending on the vaccine, more than one dose is needed to build high enough immunity to prevent disease, boost immunity that fades over time, help to make sure people who did not get immunity from a first dose are protected, or protect against germs that change over time, such as the flu.
  • Every dose of a vaccine is important because they all protect against infectious diseases that are threats today. These diseases can be especially serious for infants and very young children.
  • Children do not receive any known benefits from following schedules that delay vaccines. Delaying vaccines puts children at known risk of becoming ill with vaccine-preventable diseases.

 

Talk to your doctor or other health care professional to make sure your children get the vaccinations they need when they need them.

 

 Health care professionals are parents’ most trusted source of information about vaccines for their children. They play a critical role in supporting parents in understanding and choosing vaccines.

 

 Parents are encouraged to talk to their health care professionals about their vaccine-related questions and concerns.

 

 

  • Families who need help paying for childhood vaccines should ask their health care provider about the Vaccines for Children program, which provides vaccines at no cost to eligible children who do not otherwise have access to immunization.

 

Vaccines are very safe.

 

  • Vaccines are thoroughly tested before licensing and carefully monitored after they are licensed to ensure that they are very safe.

 

  • Vaccines are among the safest and most cost-effective ways to prevent disease. They not only protect vaccinated individuals but also help protect entire communities by preventing and reducing the spread of infectious diseases.

 

  • Currently the U.S. has the safest, most effective vaccine supply in its history. The country’s longstanding and effective vaccine safety system ensures that vaccines are as safe as possible.

 

 

journey-of-child-vaccine_sm


 

These are the most common diseases we vaccinate children for: 

Hep B vaccine protects against hepatitis B.
Doctors recommend children get 3-4 doses of the hepatitis B shot for best protection. Typically, children need one dose at each of the following ages: birth, 1 through 3 months, and 6 through 18 months.

  • Hepatitis B is spread by contact with bodily fluids.
  • Symptoms: There may be no symptoms, or there may be fever, stomach pain, loss of appetite, vomiting, fatigue, jaundice (yellowing of skin and eyes) and dark urine.
  • Complications: liver failure, joint pain, kidney, pancreatic or blood disorders.

RV vaccine protects against rotavirus.
Doctors recommend children get 2 or 3 doses of the vaccine (depending on the brand of vaccine) for best protection. Babies should get the first dose at 2 months of age. For both vaccine brands, babies get a second dose at 4 months. If getting RotaTeq, babies need a third dose at 6 months.

  • The virus is in the stool (feces) of people who are infected with the virus. It is spread by hands, diapers, or objects like toys, changing tables, or doorknobs that have a small amount of the stool on them. The disease commonly spreads in families, hospitals, and child care centers.
  • Symptoms: diarrhea, fever and vomiting.
  • Complications: diarrhea, dehydration.

 

DTaP vaccine protects against diphtheria / tetanus / pertussis.
Doctors recommend children get 5 doses of the DTaP vaccine for best protection.  Children need one dose at each of the following ages: 2 months, 4 months, 6 months, 15 through 18 months, and 4 through 6 years of age.

  • Diphtheria is spread through the air and direct contact with an infected person.
  • Symptoms: sore throat, mild fever, weakness, sore glands in neck
  • Complications: swelling of the heart muscle, heart failure, coma, paralysis, death.
  • Tetanus is spread from exposure through cuts in the skin.
  • Symptoms: stiffness in neck and abdominal muscles, difficulty swallowing, muscle spasms, fever.
  • Complications: broken bones, breathing difficulty, death.
  • Pertussis (whooping cough) is spread through the air and direct contact with a person who was whooping cough
  • Symptoms: severe cough, runny nose, apnea (pause in breathing) in infants
  • Complications: pneumonia (infection in the lungs), death

 

Hib vaccine protects against Haemophilis influenzae type b.

Doctors recommend children get 4 doses of the Hib vaccine for best protection.  Children need one dose at each of the following ages: 2 months, 4 months, 6 months (for some brands), and 12 through 15 months.

  • Haemophilis influenzae type b is spread through the air and direct contact with a person who has Hib.
  • Symptoms: There may be no symptoms unless bacteria enter the blood.
  • Complications: meningitis (infection of the covering around the brain and spinal cord), intellectual disability, epiglottis (life-threatening infection that can block the windpipe and lead to serious breathing problems), pneumonia (infection in the lungs), death.

 

PCV13 vaccine protects against pneumococcal disease.

Doctors recommend children get 4 doses of the pneumococcal vaccine for best protection.  Children need one dose at each of the following ages: 2 months, 4 months, 6 months, and 12 through 15 months of age.

  • Pneumococcal disease spreads through the air and direct contact with an infected person.
  • Symptoms: There may be no symptoms, or there may be pneumonia (infection in the lungs).
  • Complications: bacteremia (blood infection), meningitis (infection of the covering around the brain and spinal cord), death.

IPV vaccine protects against polio.

Doctors recommend children get 4 doses of the polio vaccine (also called IPV) for best protection.  Children need one dose at each of the following ages: 2 months, 4 months, 6 through 18 months, and 4 through 6 years.

  • Polio is spread through the air, by direct contact with a person who has polio, and through oral/nasal secretions.
  • Symptoms: There may be no symptoms, or there may be sore throat, fever, nausea, headache.
  • Complications: paralysis, death.

 

Flu vaccine protects against influenza.

Doctors recommend children get the flu vaccine every year starting when they are 6 months old.  Some children 6 months through 8 years of age may need 2 doses for best protection.

 

  • Influenza is spread through the air and direct contact with a person who has influenza.
  • Symptoms: fever, muscle pain, sore throat, cough, extreme fatigue.
  • Complications: pneumonia (infection in the lungs).

 

MMR vaccine protects against measles / mumps / rubella.

Doctors recommend that children get 2 doses of the MMR shot for best protection. Children need one dose at each of the following ages: 12 through 15 months and 4 through 6 years.  Infants 6 months to 11 months old need 1 dose of MMR vaccine before traveling abroad.

  • Measles is spread through the air and direct contact with a person who has measles.
  • Symptoms: rash, fever, cough, runny nose, pinkeye.
  • Complications: encephalitis (brain swelling) pneumonia (infection in the lungs), death.

 

  • Mumps is spread through the air and direct contact with a person who has mumps.
  • Symptoms: swollen salivary glands (under the jaw), fever, headache, tiredness, muscle pain.
  • Complications: meningitis (infection of the covering around the brain and spinal cord), encephalitis (brain swelling), pneumonia (infection in the lungs), inflammation of testicles or ovaries, deafness.
  • Rubella is spread through the air and direct contact with a person who has rubella.
  • Symptoms: Children infected with rubella virus sometimes have a rash, fever, swollen lymph nodes.
  • Complications: very serious in pregnant women – can lead to miscarriage, stillbirth, premature delivery, birth defects.

 

Varicella vaccine protects against chickenpox.

Doctors recommend children get 2 doses of the chickenpox shot for best protection. Children need one dose at each of the following ages: 12 through 15 months and 4 through 6 years.

  • Chickenpox is spread through the air and direct contact with a person who has chickenpox.
  • Symptoms: rash, tiredness, headache, fever.
  • Complications: infected blisters, bleeding disorders, encephalitis (brain swelling), pneumonia (infection in the lungs).

 

Hepatitis A vaccine protects against hepatitis A.

Doctors recommend children get 2 doses of the hepatitis A shot for best protection.  Children need the first dose at 12 through 23 months and the second dose 6 to 18 months after the first.

  • Hepatitis A is spread through direct contact with a person who has hepatitis A and contaminated food or water.
  • Symptoms: There may be no symptoms, or there may be fever, stomach pain, loss of appetite, fatigue, jaundice (yellowing of skin or eyes), dark urine.

Complications: liver failure, joint pain, kidney, pancreatic and blood disorders.

Click this link for an easy to read Immunization Schedule for children: parent-ver-sch-0-6yrs

 

 


All the information and infographics in this blog post are courtesy of the National Public Health Information Coalition and by the Center for Disease Control.