NIAW: Hepatitis B, Rotavirus, Dtap

Hep B vaccine protects against hepatitis B.

Doctors recommend children get three doses of the hepatitis B shot for best protection. Typically, children need one dose at each of the following ages: birth, 1 through 2 months, and 6 through 18 months.

  • Hepatitis B is spread by contact with bodily fluids from an infected person; for example, hepatitis B can be passed from an infected mother to her baby at birth.
    • Symptoms: There may be no symptoms, or there may be fever, headache, weakness, vomiting, jaundice (yellowing of skin and eyes), or joint pain.
    • Complications: liver damage, liver failure, liver cancer.

 

RV vaccine protects against rotavirus.

Two brands of rotavirus vaccines are available to protect infants against rotavirus: Rotarix (given in two doses) and RotaTeq (given in three doses). Rotavirus vaccine is given by putting some drops in an infant’s mouth. Infants should get rotavirus vaccine starting at 2 months of age. For both vaccine brands, infants should get a second dose at 4 months. If getting RotaTeq, infants need a third dose at 6 months.

 

  • Rotavirus spreads easily among infants and young children.
    • The virus can be found in the stool (feces) of people who are infected with the virus. It can spread when a child puts something with rotavirus on it, such as their hand or a toy, in their mouth. Children can also get infected by consuming food and liquids that have been contaminated with rotavirus.
    • Symptoms: severe watery diarrhea, fever, and vomiting. This can lead to dehydration and require hospitalization.

 

DTaP vaccine protects against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis (whooping cough).

Doctors recommend children get five doses of the DTaP vaccine for best protection. Children need one dose at each of the following ages: 2 months, 4 months, 6 months, 15 through 18 months, and 4 through 6 years. If a child falls behind schedule on this vaccine series, he or she will receive the Tdap vaccine if he or she is older than 6 years old when completing the series. DTaP is not licensed for children over 6 years of age. Tdap provides protection against the same diseases as DTaP.

  • Diphtheria spreads through the air and direct contact with an infected person.
    • Symptoms: sore throat, fever, weakness, sore glands in neck.
    • Complications: swelling of the heart muscle, heart failure, coma, paralysis, death.
  • Tetanus spreads from exposure through cuts in the skin.
    • Symptoms: stiffness in jaw, neck and abdominal muscles, difficulty swallowing, muscle spasms, fever.
    • Complications: broken bones, breathing difficulty, death.
  • Whooping cough spreads through the air and direct contact with a person who has whooping cough.
    • Symptoms: severe cough, low-grade fever, runny nose, apnea (pause in breathing) in babies.
    • Complications: pneumonia (infection in the lungs), rib fractures, death.

The Public Health offices in Afton and Kemmerer carry all approved and recommended childhood vaccinations. We can these for reduced cost under the Wyoming Vaccinates Important People state immunization program. We can administer these shots for the reduced fee of $20 per shot with no office visit charge. The vaccine cost itself is free. If you cannot pay the $20 per shot fee, that price can be reduced or even waived entirely if necessary. We do not turn away anyone due to inability to pay. We accept Wyoming Medicaid and most health insurances. The only insurance company that does not accept our claims is Tricare. Please call us at 885-9598 or 877-3780 to schedule an appointment for any shots your child might need.

–All information on this page is taken from the CDC